Iranti is a media
advocacy organisation
that defends the rights of Lesbians, Transgender
and Intersex persons
in Africa. 


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Ending pathological practices against Trans and Intersex bodies in Africa:
An Iranti Toolkit

ICD 2017 Iranti toolkit for ending pathological practices against trans and intersex bodies in Africa, South Africa

Download the Iranti toolkit (2MB)

South Africa, 22 February 2017

Iranti is proud to announce the publication of a toolkit aimed at educating and engaging readers with regard to the depathologisation of Trans and Intersex bodies.


The booklet, which summarises the history of trans and intersex pathologisation, healthcare access and activism, highlights the processes undertaken by the World Health Organisation (WHO) in updating its International Classification of Diseases (ICD).


ICD 10, adopted in 1990, classifies trans and gender-diverse persons under the chapter on mental and behavioural disorders, while the various categories of intersex conditions have been placed in a wide range of chapters focusing on physical and genetic disorders.


It is this pathologisation, psycho-pathologisation and cis-normative language which Iranti and groups like it have strongly campained against, as it reinforces stereotypes and more often than not results in inhumane corrective procedures. Through the work of Iranti, GATE, STP, TGEU and the APTN, as well as other advocacy groups across the world, ICD 11 proves likely to be a great improvement on its predecessor, with many elements of gender-diversity being redefined and aligned with modern understandings of gender and biology.


The toolkit further outlines the work that still needs to be done with regard to ICD 11 and other medical resources pertaining to transgender and intersex healthcare, and will navigate the reader easily through the various aspects of transgender healthcare and the importance of depathologising trans identities in order to improve the standard of living for trans and intersex persons both globally and in Africa.


Iranti would like to extend its thanks to Joshua Sehoole, Tanya Pretorius and Tahila Pimentel for their work on this publication, the AJWS and OSF for their support in its production, and the many organisations around the world which continue to produce knowledge in the areas of LGBTI+ healthcare.

You can book your copy of the toolkit by contacting or






Ending pathological practices against Trans and Intersex bodies in Africa: 
An Iranti-Org Toolkit


Ending pathological practices against Trans and Intersex bodies in Africa: 
An Iranti-Org Toolkit





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